Indoor Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: A New Approach
AbstractI propose a new approach to estimate the impact of changes in indoor air quality on infant mortality. I use a quasi-experimental design, leveraging the largest kerosene to liquid petroleum gas (LPG) conversion program implemented in a developing country. The Indonesian government redirected kerosene subsidy budgets to LPG, a more efficient and cleaner fuel compared to kerosene. LPG produces significantly less indoor air pollution compared to kerosene. I find 4 fewer infants died per 10,000 live births due to the program. In the developing world, one billion kerosene users switching to LPG can save about 7,000 infants per year.
CitationImelda, . 2018. "Indoor Air Pollution and Infant Mortality: A New Approach." AEA Papers and Proceedings, 108: 416-21. DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20181119
- I12 Health Behavior
- J13 Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
- O13 Economic Development: Agriculture; Natural Resources; Energy; Environment; Other Primary Products
- O15 Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
- Q53 Air Pollution; Water Pollution; Noise; Hazardous Waste; Solid Waste; Recycling