Do Immigration Raids Deter Head Start Enrollment?
- (pp. 419-23)
AbstractWe investigate the local deterrence effect of immigration raids on Hispanic Head Start enrollment. Using a nationwide panel of raids from 2006 to 2008, a time of intensified immigration enforcement across communities in the US, we find robust evidence that raids decreased Hispanic Head Start enrollment by around 10 percent. We disentangle this impact and find evidence that this decrease is driven by a deterrence effect rather than a mobility effect, which suggests that families are staying in their communities but not enrolling their children in Head Start.
CitationSantillano, Robert, Stephanie Potochnick, and Jade Jenkins. 2020. "Do Immigration Raids Deter Head Start Enrollment?" AEA Papers and Proceedings, 110: 419-23. DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20201113
- H75 State and Local Government: Health; Education; Welfare; Public Pensions
- I21 Analysis of Education
- I28 Education: Government Policy
- J15 Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination
- K37 Immigration Law