Disparities in Health Care and Medical Evaluations by Gender: A Review of Evidence and Mechanisms
AbstractMale and female patients often receive different medical evaluations and treatment even when they have the same symptoms, and relative to men, women are less likely to receive benefits within social insurance programs that rely on medical evaluations. This article reviews evidence from prior research that documents the existence of these gender gaps in health care and disability benefit receipt. The article then describes potential mechanisms underlying these gender gaps. The article concludes by discussing new work on the role of health-care providers in contributing to gender gaps.
CitationCabral, Marika, and Marcus Dillender. 2021. "Disparities in Health Care and Medical Evaluations by Gender: A Review of Evidence and Mechanisms." AEA Papers and Proceedings, 111: 159-63. DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20211016
- D63 Equity, Justice, Inequality, and Other Normative Criteria and Measurement
- I14 Health and Inequality
- J16 Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination
- I11 Analysis of Health Care Markets