The Effect of Charter Schools on School Segregation
AbstractWe examine the impact of the expansion of charter schools on racial segregation in public schools, defined using multiple measures of racial sorting and isolation. Our research design utilizes between-grade differences in charter expansion within school systems and an instrumental variables approach leveraging charter school openings. Charter schools modestly increase school segregation for Black, Hispanic, Asian, and White students. On average, charters have caused a 6 percent decrease in the relative likelihood of Black and Hispanic students being exposed to schoolmates of other racial or ethnic groups. For metropolitan areas, our analysis reveals countervailing forces, as charters reduce segregation between districts.
CitationMonarrez, Tomás, Brian Kisida, and Matthew Chingos. 2022. "The Effect of Charter Schools on School Segregation." American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 14 (1): 301-40. DOI: 10.1257/pol.20190682
- I21 Analysis of Education
- I24 Education and Inequality
- J15 Economics of Minorities, Races, Indigenous Peoples, and Immigrants; Non-labor Discrimination