We estimate intergenerational income mobility in Italy using administrative data from tax returns. Our estimates of mobility are higher than prior work using survey data and indirect methods. The rank-rank slope of parent-child income is 0.22, compared to 0.18 in Denmark and 0.34 in the United States. The probability that a child reaches the top quintile of the national income distribution starting from a family in the bottom quintile is 0.11. We uncover substantial geographical variation: upward mobility is much stronger in northern Italy, where provinces have higher measured school quality, more stable families, and more favorable labor market conditions.
Acciari, Paolo, Alberto Polo, and Giovanni L. Violante.
"And Yet It Moves: Intergenerational Mobility in Italy."
American Economic Journal: Applied Economics,
Personal Income, Wealth, and Their Distributions
Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials
Job, Occupational, and Intergenerational Mobility; Promotion
Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics: Regional Migration; Regional Labor Markets; Population; Neighborhood Characteristics