Parental Investments in Early Childhood and the Gender Gap in Math and Literacy
AbstractParental investments shape children's educational specializations. Using a longitudinal study, we find that parents invest more in daughters than sons at ages three through five. We find that early parental investment can explain persistently higher English scores for girls than boys four to six years later. However, there is no gender gap in math. Parental investments at ages three through five appear to contribute to girls' advantage in English but have little impact on math. Our results suggest that parental investments at early ages contributes to girls' comparative advantage in English.
CitationChuan, Amanda, John A. List, Anya Samek, and Shreemayi Samujjwala. 2022. "Parental Investments in Early Childhood and the Gender Gap in Math and Literacy." AEA Papers and Proceedings, 112: 603-08. DOI: 10.1257/pandp.20221036
- I21 Analysis of Education
- I26 Returns to Education
- J16 Economics of Gender; Non-labor Discrimination