The Impact of Childhood Circumstances on Long-Run Outcomes
Friday, Jan. 5, 2024 8:00 AM - 10:00 AM (CST)
- Chair: Jesse Rothstein, University of California-Berkeley
The Long-Run Effects of Residential Racial Desegregation Programs: Evidence from Gautreaux
AbstractThis paper provides new evidence on the long-run effects of residential racial desegregation policies by studying the Gautreaux Assisted Housing Program. From the late 1970s until the 1990s, Gautreaux assisted thousands of Black families to move to predominately white, mostly suburban neighborhoods. We link historical program records to administrative data and use plausibly exogenous variation in neighborhood placements to estimate the effects of Gautreaux on the long-run outcomes of children. Being placed in a white neighborhood significantly increases children’s future lifetime earnings, employment, and wealth. Gautreaux children placed in a white neighborhood are also significantly more likely to be married and twice as likely to be married to a white spouse. Moreover, placements through Gautreaux impact the neighborhood choices of children in adulthood. Children placed in white neighborhoods during childhood live in more racially diverse neighborhoods with higher rates of upward mobility nearly 40 years later.
Peer Death Exposure and High School Outcomes
AbstractResearchers are increasingly interested in the role of trauma and loss in children’s lives. Linking the universe of Massachusetts public school students to the universe of Massachusetts death certificates, we document the death rates of school-aged children and explore the impact of student deaths on their peers’ high school outcomes. Annual death rates are steady through grades 1-8 but rise rapidly in high school, driven largely by boys and most starkly by Black boys. In any given year, 5 percent of high school students have a grademate die. School-grade fixed effects models suggest that experiencing a grademate’s death lowers test scores, attendance, GPA, and high school graduation rates. The effects are stronger the earlier in high school students experience a peer's death and are stronger for low income, Black and Hispanic students. Our results suggest that spillover effects from peer deaths extend beyond the relatively narrow focus of recent literature on school shootings.
- H0 - General
- J0 - General